When it comes to choosing the back-end framework we always get stuck at what to choose. Laravel and Django are one of the most popular frameworks for back-end development. However, both of them has some great advantages and some major disadvantages too which can lead to a critical problem in the future. So in this post Laravel vs Django, we will compare both in depth and finally we will see who wins.
Laravel makes the task really easy to develop web applications with PHP. It follows the purely OOP (Object Oriented Programming) approach and provides a great MVC (Model View Controller approach). The huge list of awesome features it provides makes Laravel the most popular choice for many web developers. We will see a glimpse of the most popular features among them in this Laravel vs Django post.
Django is one of the mature and most popular Python web frameworks. Python has always been popular among developers for its easy to use nature and broad scope. You can use Python for almost anything, anywhere with ease. That make’s it really popular and top competitor in the job market.
Django follows MVT (Model View Template) or MVW(Model View Whatever) pattern. Many popular websites like Instagram, Pinterest are using Django at their back-end. On the other side, it’s much secure too so even Nasa is using Django on their official website.
We have already written a post web development with Python Django where you can find more in-depth details. So if you are interested in Django then click on the link and take a look at that post first.
Laravel vs Django
I have found many beginners get confused at this point. As both Laravel and Django are the best frameworks for PHP and Python respectively. There are a bunch of things one should take in mind before taking the final decision. It is quite hard to get the ideal information at a glance.
So I have made a list of contents where we will compare Laravel vs Django. Then we will finally check out which is best for you.
When it comes to choosing a new framework we always want to know how popular it is or how many websites are using it. So let’s start with that first and see how popular Laravel and Django are.
As you can see from the above chart Laravel is really popular and more than half a million websites are using Laravel.
Some of the most popular among them are Laracasts. Even the official site of Laravel is made with itself.
Laravel has more than 37k stars and 12k forks that shows how popular it is among developers. Let’s check out the same stats for Django
Django is used in more than 12k websites and it seems really a small number in front of Laravel usage statistics. However, the data on this graph may not be exactly accurate.
On the other side, Django has more than 30k stars and 12k forks at GitHub. So it also seems quite popular among developers.
The above GitHub data was taken in December 2017. As of now November 2018 both of the frameworks got much more response from developers.
The current stats are follows
Laravel Github stats
Django Github stats
So as you can see according to popularity Laravel and Django both are dominating. However, if you want to declare popularity depend on the active sites using these frameworks. Then Laravel is a clear winner.
Laravel vs Django speed
This particular keypoint depends on various things. Like server ram, processor, level of optimization and much more.
So in order to make things simple, I have created two new projects. A laravel project and a Django project. Inside of both, I have created an items model. Each item has its name and price. I have not used any kind of CSS or JS in any of the projects views.
Once the project is ready I have added 5 records and tested the response time. I’m attaching the results below to clear your doubts.
Laravel response time
The above statements are clearly showing Laravel is much faster than Django. Some of you may ask that the time differs everytime we request the page.
However, in all cases, Laravel was at least loading 50ms faster than Django.
It’s a tricky point, as everyone has their own point of view. So you will never know exactly which one is easier for you.
Let’s talk about the most important features Laravel and Django provides. Then move ahead and decide which one is easier.
Routing is one of the most important things about back-end development. Almost every back-end framework provides its own routing structure.
However, Routing seems to be quite harder in Django. Many Django lovers may disagree but its the truth. As you have to know about regular expressions first.
On the other side, Laravel provides a simple way to create routes which we find really useful. Just call the method you want to use like get, post, patch, delete. Supply the route URL and view or controller method. That’s all it will simply route you to your desired view.
Let’s, justify our opinion by showing a sample code screenshot.
Laravel provides an easy way to create an API. It returns data in JSON format by default for every database query.
In addition to that, you can even separate your API endpoints by placing the API routes in a separate file. You may have faced issues with API data formatting. Laravel made this simple by creating Resources. You can simply choose the data you only want from your API.
On the other side, Django doesn’t provide some inbuilt structures to create API. However, you can create it by yourself easily or can use Django REST framework.
Templating is really easier with both as they are providing great templating engine.
Laravel provide Blade which is really powerful and fully featured. On the other side, Django comes with Jinja. Jinja is also quite powerfully. However in terms of features its far behind of Blade.
You can use loops, conditions and much more inside a view. Templating does not look quite different so I am not adding any images for that.
The project structure is neatly defined in both. In short, it’s quite easy to manage multiple apps with Django. It provides a separate parent directory for each app under one root project.
On the other side, Laravel doesn’t provide the same. Generally, Laravel architecture is perfect for mid-scale projects or where is no need for multiple apps. However, you can manage structure like Django to maintain multiple apps with 3rd party plugins.
The default folder structure looks like below for Laravel and Django.
In the above case, I have created a new Laravel project called a blog and a Django project called website. Inside of the website project, we have created multiple apps to show you how it actually looks like. A project can contain multiple apps.
So if you are using Django for small-scale project or Laravel for a large-scale project you may feel little overwhelmed.
Actually, the above section of our Laravel vs Django comparison depends on project level. So both are great in their own respective places.
Models and migrations
In our Laravel vs Django comparison Model’s and migrations, section plays a vital role. As its the entry point of our project no matter which framework we are using.
Models are used to create table structures, the relation between multiple tables within a database, creating special methods to retrieve values as the way you want.
Basically Django and Laravel both follows ORM (Object-relational mapping) inside models. However, there’s a little difference in both which we will specify in the next para.
Django provides a model.py file in every app folder where you can write the table structure by using the class it provides. Once the table structures are ready, go ahead to save the file and migrate.
Once you migrate the model it will automatically generate an SQL equivalent inside the migrations folder.
However, Django uses a single file to specify everything related to the model. In simple words, you have to define everything like how you want to retrieve values, the table structure in a single file. Which may feel like overpopulated for large tables.
Laravel provides 2 different files to separate the table structure and the way we want to interact with its values. One of them is a model file which is stored in the app folder.
Inside the model, we can define the methods and specify the way we want to interact with data.
On the other side inside of the database/migrations directory, you can find the PHP files to define the table structure.
However, both of them provides a convenient way to work with the database. While we have found Laravel to be better when we are working with large data sets. As it provides a better way to separate things.
Let’s see how to create tables with Laravel and Django with a code screenshot.
An admin panel provides a great way to speed up the development. Django provides an easy to use admin panel which can be activated with a single command.
However, it comes with a basic layout and minimal design so it may not look that catchy but it works great. Simply create a superuser and register the models which you want to manipulate via the admin.
Don’t worry if you are not satisfied with the admin panel style. You can configure it in the way you want or you can implement any 3rd party libraries too.
However, we like the predefined style the Django admin panel provides. Its really excellent when you are working on a small project and time is a crucial matter.
Unfortunately, Laravel doesn’t come with an admin panel. So either you have to use a 3rd party library or have to create one from scratch.
I have found Laravel admin to be awesome. However, if you don’t like it then subscribe Coders Diaries and wait a while. We will write how to create a custom admin panel with Laravel soon.
No matter which framework you choose make sure it has a great job market. We will see the number of currently available jobs on top freelancing sites and let’s see who wins.
Upwork is one of the most popular freelancing marketplaces so we will start with Upwork.
As you can see from the above image there are currently 435 active jobs available at Upwork. It’s really a huge number for any framework.
However, we can’t decide its job market by Upwork only so let’s check out at Freelancer too.
As you can see 672 jobs are founded with the keyword Laravel. It’s really amazing that you will never have to worry about jobs with the knowledge of Laravel.
Now let’s see whether Django can beat Laravel in terms of the job market or not.
229 active jobs, seems pretty good but nearly half of the active Laravel jobs. Don’t worry Freelancer stats may change the game.
Unfortunately, Django seems to have fewer jobs than Laravel. However, Django has a good job market too but not as much as Laravel.
The above stats are taken at December 2017. Now, let’s check out the current market scenario and compare who is still being used massively.
Current job market
Django is maintaining the consistency. It has almost the same demand in Upwork as its used to have a year ago.
In case of Freelancer its just 31. Quite depressing numbers to scare an aspiring developer. However, I believe that these stats can not demotivate you. Choose the one that matches your interest and make yourself comfortable with it. Jobs will run after you, once you become productive
Front End mixing
As many of you knows Laravel is best suited to work with Vue Js. Every fresh installation of Laravel comes with a Vue component you just need to download and install the required node modules.
Laravel now comes with bootstrap 4 by default. All you will need to do is just go ahead and refer it in your template. It’s a complete package and decreases the setup time numerously.
Django is actually a bare bone structure. You need to do things from scratch. It has a great advantage that you have control over everything. On the other hand, it has a great disadvantage that it will slow down the time to set up the development environment.
Its the last point of our Laravel vs Django post. In this section. We will see the most affordable ways to make our sites live.
Laravel and Django both can be hosted at shared hosting. However, when you want to use Node Js or its modules you have to shift to a VPS or cloud hosting. Many hosting providers do not provide access to CLI. So its much better to opt for Cloud. There are many great hosting providers available.
Rather than this, you can use Vultr, Digital Ocean, Heroku, BlueHost, Dreamhost starting at just 5$ a month.
So finally we have come to an end of our Laravel vs Django comparison. I would suggest you stick to the language you are comfortable with. If you are good at python then choose Django and if you are good at PHP then choose Laravel.
However, if you are new to programming I would like to suggest you Laravel. As I have found it easier and much more beginner friendly than Django.
In this Laravel vs Django post, we haven’t specified the security of both. We know many people are going to say Django is much secure as compared to Laravel.
Actually, its totally depended on the developer and their experience. So we haven’t written about it in this post.
Laravel and Django both are great frameworks and as we have always said there no limitation of your imagination. So choose the one you are comfortable with and sharpen your skills. That’s how you can create some really great websites.
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