When it comes to choosing the back-end framework we always get stuck at what to choose. Laravel and Django are one of the most popular frameworks for back-end development. However, both of them has some great advantages and some major disadvantages too which can lead to a critical problem in future. So in this post Laravel vs Django, we will compare both in depth and finally we will see who wins.
Laravel makes the task really easy to develop web applications with PHP. It follows the purely OOP (Object Oriented Programming) approach and provides a great MVC (Model View Controller approach). The huge list of awesome features it provides makes Laravel the most popular choice for many web developers. We will see a glimpse of the most popular features among them in this Laravel vs Django post.
Django is one of the mature and most popular Python web frameworks. Python has always been popular among developers for its easy to use nature and broad scope. You can use Python for almost anything, anywhere with ease. That make’s it really popular and top competitor in the job market.
Django follows MVT (Model View Template) or MVW(Model View Whatever) pattern. Many popular websites like Instagram, Pinterest are using Django at their back-end. On the other side, it’s much secure too so even Nasa is using Django on their official website.
We have already written a post web development with Python Django where you can find more in-depth details. So if you are interested in Django then click on the link and take a look at that post first.
Laravel vs Django
I have found many beginners get confused at this point of choosing Laravel or Django. So I have made a list of contents where we will compare Laravel vs Django and finally we will check out which is best for us.
When it comes to choosing a new framework we always want to know how popular it is or how many websites are using it. So let’s start with that first and see how popular Laravel and Django are.
As you can see from the above chart Laravel is really popular and more than half million websites are using Laravel.
Some of the most popular among them are Laracasts. Even the official site of Laravel is made with itself.
Laravel has more than 37k stars and 12k forks that shows how popular it is among developers. Let’s check out the same stats for Django
Django is used in more than 12k websites and it seems really a small number in front of Laravel usage statistics. However, the data on this graph may not be exactly accurate.
On the other side, Django has more than 30k stars and 12k forks at GitHub. So it also seems quite popular among developers.
So as you can see according to popularity Laravel wins the game.
Its a tricky point as everyone has their own point of view. So you will never know exactly which one is easier for you.
Let’s talk about the most important features Laravel and Django provide and decide which one is easier.
Routing is one of the most important things that almost every back-end framework provides. However, Routing seems to be quite harder in Django as you have to know about regular expressions first. On the other side, Laravel provides a simple way to create routes which we find really useful.
Let’s justify our opinion by showing a sample code screenshot.
Laravel provides an easy way to create an API. As it returns JSON format by default for every database query. In addition to all, you can separate your API endpoints by placing the API routes in a separate file which Laravel also provides.
On the other side, Django doesn’t provide some inbuilt structures to create API. However, you can create it by yourself easily or can use Django REST framework.
Templating is really easier with both as they are providing great templating engine. You can use loops, conditions and much more inside a view. As templating is not looks quite different so we are not adding any images for that.
The project structure is neatly defined in both. However, Django provides a separate parent directory for each app. On the other side, Laravel doesn’t provide the same. However, a folder structure looks like below.
We have created a new Laravel project called a blog and a Django project called a website. Inside of the website project, we have created multiple apps to show you how it actually looks like for bigger projects. A project can contain multiple apps.
So if you are using Django for small-scale project or Laravel for the large-scale project you may feel little overwhelmed with the project structure.
Models and migrations
In our Laravel vs Django comparison Model’s and migrations, section plays a vital role. As its the starting point of our project no matter which framework we are using.
Models are used to create table structures, the relation between multiple tables within a database, creating special methods to retrieve values as the way you want.
Basically Django and Laravel both follows ORM (Object relational mapping) inside models. However, there’s a little difference in both which we will specify in the next para.
Django provides a model.py file in every app folder where you can write the table structure by using the classes it provides. Once the table structures are ready to save the file and migrate. Once you have migrated the model it will automatically generate an SQL equivalent inside the migrations folder.
However, Django uses a single file to specify everything related to the model. In simple words, you have to define everything like how you want to retrieve values, the table structure in a single file. Which may feel like overpopulated sometimes.
Laravel provides 2 different files to separate the table structure and the way we want to interact with its values. One of them is a model file which is stored in the app folder. Inside of the model, we can define the methods and specify the way we want to interact.
On the other side inside of database/migrations director, you can find the PHP files to define the table structure.
However, both of them provides a convenient way to work with the database. While we have found Laravel to be great when we are working with huge amount of code. As it provides a better way to separate things.
Let’s see how to create tables with Laravel and Django with a code screenshot.
An admin panel provides a great way to speed up the development. Django provides an easy to use admin panel which can be activated with a single command. However, it comes with a basic layout and minimal design so it may not look that catchy but works great. Simple create a superuser and register the models which you want to manipulate via the admin.
Don’t worry if you are not satisfied with the admin panel style. You can configure it in the way you want or you can implement any 3rd party libraries.
However, we like the predefined style the Django admin panel provides. Its really excellent when you are working on a small project and time is a crucial matter.
Unfortunately, Laravel doesn’t come with a predefined admin panel. So either you have to use a 3rd party library or have to create one from scratch.
I have found Laravel admin to be awesome. However, if you don’t like that subscribe us and wait a while we will write how to create a custom admin panel with Laravel soon.
No matter which framework you choose make sure it has a great job market. We will see the number of currently available jobs on top freelancing sites and let’s see who wins.
Upwork is one of the most popular freelancing marketplaces so we will start with Upwork first.
As you can see from the above image there are currently 435 active jobs available at Upwork. It’s really a huge number for any framework.
However, we can’t decide its job market by Upwork only so let’s check out at Freelancer too.
As you can see 672 jobs are founded with the keyword Laravel. It’s really amazing that you will never have to worry about jobs with the knowledge of Laravel.
Now let’s see whether Django can beat Laravel in terms of the job market or not.
229 active jobs, seems pretty good but nearly half of the active Laravel jobs. Don’t worry Freelancer stats may change the game.
Unfortunately, Django seems to have fewer jobs than Laravel. However, Django has a good job market too but not as much as Laravel.
Front End mixing
Its the last point of our Laravel vs Django post. In this section, we will see the most affordable ways to make our sites live.
Laravel and Django both can be hosted at shared hosting. However, when you want to use Node Js or its modules you have to shift to a VPS or cloud hosting. There are many great hosting providers available and Google Cloud and Amazon Cloud seems to be the best among them. Both of them provides free service for a certain period. So you can use these hosting providers for a certain period without investing a penny.
Rather than this, you can use Vultr, Digital Ocean, Heroku starting at just 5$ a month. In addition to all Laravel and Django, both have some specific hosting providers to like Python Anywhere.
So finally we have come to an end of our Laravel vs Django comparison. I would suggest you stick to the language you are comfortable with. If you are good at python then choose Django and if you are good at PHP then choose Laravel.
However, if you are new to programming we would like to suggest you Laravel. As we have found it easier and beginner friendly.
In this Laravel vs Django post, we haven’t specified the security of both. We know many people are going to say Django is much secure as compared to Laravel. Actually, its totally depended on the developer and their experience. So we haven’t written about it in this post.
Laravel and Django both are great and as we have always said there no limitation of your imagination. So choose the one you are comfortable with and sharpen your skills. So that you can create some really great websites.
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